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Hanji Crafts

TitleHanji Crafts

  • Hanji crafts can be classified to Jiseing, Jiho, Jiwha, Jiwha, Jeonji and other Hanji crafts by the production technique applied.
Jeonji Craft
Jeonji craft refers to the method that applying various shapes of patterns on color paper wrapped cast made by multiple layers, and one of Korean traditional culture. Jeonji craft refers to a craft made by pasting Hanji using scissors or graver. Actually, draw pattern on Hanji, cut out along the line by using scissor or graver, apply sheet of paper to pattern, decorate with 5 colored papers suite to the nature and apply finishing coat. In Jeonji craft, 5 color Jeonji and embossed carving Jeonji, crafts are representative craft. Color threads box, Color threads chup *(1), Wedding gift box, Jokduri (bride’s headpiece), Sewing kit box, and Donggori (wicker suitcase) are representative products. In a large scale, various boxes, Bedside drawer, Baby Closet, Beosun (traditional socks) drawer, Double drawer, Triple drawer and Wardrobe are the representative products.
*(1) Chup: Made with Hanji and used to store threads or pirce of cloth. Appears as a book, but has multiple sections inside when opened. It is characterized by being portable and can be folded in many layers. The outer surface often decorated with silk or colored paper.
Jiseung Craft
Jiseung craft refers to the method that making piece by weaving paper string in various methods and shapes, and also called as “Noyeokgae”. The letter Ji refers to paper and letter Seung refers to a word string. The term Yeokage of “Noyeokgae” has originated from the meaning of making a piece by weaving this string. In ancient times when paper was uncommon, wasted paper, generated after writing practice, often used to, be applied to windows and doors or, make household goods by using Jiseung method. In those household items goods made by Jiseung method, string bag, pencil case, basket, table, bedpan and clothing were made and used after varnishing with lacquer.
Jiho Craft
Jiho craft refers to the method that making piece by, tore paper (dak paper) into little pieces, macerate little pieces in water, knead well by mix with sweet rice starch, paste on bowl shaped mould, separate dried piece from the mold, and varnish a piece with lacquer or finish with painting. During the process, often perilla oil or soybean oil were added to prevent piece being damaged by insects. Sometime, applied colored papers and other decorations to make it fancy. However, this craft was mainly used to make household goods such box, container or gourd dipper and traditional masks. Jiho craft method was applied to make jars at the mountainous areas to put away village owned grains, and in modern days, paper dolls are made with Jiho craft method.
Jiwha Craft 1
Jiwha craft refers to the method that making piece by, dye Hanji with natural dyestuff, combine dyed Hanji in multiple layers, put a priming paper on a frame made with Paulownia tree or Oregon Pine tree, put dyed Hanji on a frame, and apply patterns such as folk paintings or arabesque, by using ink, paints or light coloring.
Jiwha Craft 2
Jiwha craft refers to the method that making paper flower to be used for 어사와, a decorated bier, folk games, royal events, buddhist culture and shamanism practice. Many kinds of paper flowers were used to decorate bier only 20 years ago, and paper flowers are still being used in modern days when perform “Gut” (Exorcism Practice).
Saekji Craft
Saekji craft refers to the method that making piece by, make a mould by putting multiple payers of Hanji together and apply various patterns to decorate. Dyed Hanji are used in colors of blue, red, white, black and yellow. This method has mainly used to make colored threads container, wedding gift box, Jokduri (bride’s headpiece) and Sewing kit box.
Jijang Craft
Jijang craft refers to the method that making piece by, make frame with bamboo tree, ordinary trees or link, and apply multiple layers of paper to inside and outside. Finish by applying soybean extract, persimmon tannin, painting, writing or varnishing with lacquer. This method has used to make paper drawer, file cabinet, arrow container, glass case, Donggori (wicker suitcase), paper jar and “Galmo” (rain cover for a hat).
Whoji Craft
Whoji craft refers to the method that making piece by putting multi layers of paper together. Make objects in various shapes by folding thick paper, and sometime not flat patterns were applied on a surface. Product made with this method can have a leather like texture, and used to make paper wallet and water jar.
Jumchi Craft
Unlikely other ordinary Hanji, paper made by Jumchi craft have steady air bubbles and embossing surface. There are a few relics are remained compare toother kinds and tobacco pouch, purse, wallet and brief case are representative products. In modern days, this method is widely being used to strengthen textile when making paper clothing or wallets.

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