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History of Hanji
- Hanji is a valuable material closely connected with Korean nation and used to referred as one of the four precious things of the study. Hanji has taken very important role in life of Korean nation and still remains in existence and introduces the excellence of Hanji to the whole world.In human society, it is no exaggeration to say that development of culture are resulted by paper. Korea’s originated paper, Hanji was introduced to neighboring countries and called as “Dak Jong E” in Korean language by its main ingredient being “Dak” (paper mulberry).There is no clear historical record of the initial Hanji production in Korea, but the paper discovered from Bangmatan ancient tomb in China that made in the second century B.C., and suppose the paper production technology was transferred aroung this time.In AD 105 during the lather Han dynasty when Cai Lun improved paper, Korea also produced paper through own creative technology improvement. High quality white and fine papers were already exported to China during Silla Dynasty. As handcrafts being specialized and, technologies of printing and paper manufacturing being advanced in Koryo dynasty, better quality papers were exported.Especially, with Korea’s own unique lifting method using single screen different than China’s filtered lifting method, whither and shiny strong papers were produced and exported and China and other neighboring countries.The most popular classifications are material, method, purpose and size, and there about 200 different types according to these classifications.Mainly Hanji has used for the purpose of painting and writing, and also applied to household goods as well as art that expresses decorative beauty by creatively advancing various crafts technic from day to day life.